India and Vietnam have opted to step up defence cooperation and petroleum exploration to improve their bilateral ties since they reaffirmed the significance of freedom of navigation, both over-flight and unimpeded economic actions in the South China Sea, amid China flexing its muscles at the Indo-Pacific area.
Both nations, during the state visit of President Ram Nath Kovind into Vietnam, shared the opinion that security and defence cooperation has become an important pillar of their comprehensive strategic partnership, ” the Ministry of External Affairs (MEA) said in a statement.
They welcomed the continuing reciprocal visits by one another’s naval/coast shield vessels, especially in 2018 and in the years ahead.
Kovind along with his Vietnamese counterpart Nguyen Phu Trong consented to effectively execute the Joint Vision Statement on Vietnam–India Defence Cooperation for the span of 2015-2020.
They agreed to step up cooperation in human resources training, and encourage collaboration between the Army, Air Force, Naval and Coast Guard of their 2 nations, in addition to collaboration in cyber security and information sharing, the joint statement said.
Vietnam appreciated India’s supply of the USD 500 million line of credit to defence market.
Both sides agreed to measure expertise sharing in the training of employees for involvement in the UN peace-keeping surgeries and collaboration in addressing warfare legacies in Vietnam, and also to strengthen criminal data exchange and law enforcement expertise sharing.
They consented to actively encourage one another and step up coordination at multilateral defence and security cooperation frameworks, ” the announcement said.
In the soul of this proposition for an ASEAN-India Strategic Dialogue on marine collaboration made in the commemorative summit held at New Delhi in January, they agreed to maintain the initial Maritime Security Dialogue on topics associated with marine domain and additional supported port calls of one another’s naval and coast guard ships, it stated.
India and Vietnam also agreed to keep on boosting bilateral investment, such as collaboration projects between Vietnam Oil and Gas Group PVN and Oil and Natural Gas Corporation in gas and oil mining on property, continental shelf and Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) of Vietnam.
The 2 leaders encouraged the two sides to become active in identifying models for collaboration, such as those involving third nation.
The side welcomed and agreed to make easing conditions for Indian companies to invest in new renewable electricity and renewable energy projects from Vietnam, ” the announcement said.
India and Vietnam exchanged views on the present developments in the South China Sea, also reiterated the importance of the maintenance of peace, stability, protection and liberty of navigation and over-flight and unimpeded economic actions in the South China Sea, ” it stated.
China claims practically all the resource-rich South China Sea and has also set claims about the Senkaku islands under the management of Japan from the East China Sea.
Vietnam, the Philippines, Malaysia, Brunei and Taiwan have counter claims over the South China Sea.
The US is occasionally deploying its naval vessels and fighter airplanes to maintain freedom of navigation.
India and Vietnam emphasized the requirement of complete and effective implementation of the Declaration on the Conduct of Parties in the South China Sea in Addition to the early completion of a purposeful, binding and effective Code of Conduct of Parties in the South China Sea, the announcement said.
They emphasised the importance of peaceful settlement of disputes, for instance, complete respect for legal and diplomatic procedures, and total compliance with global legislation , especially the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea 1982 (UNCLOS), the announcement said.
Both sides reiterated the parties involved should keep on working out self-restraint and extend from using force or threat to use force, ” it stated.
India and Vietnam unequivocally condemned terrorism in all of its forms and manifestations, such as cross-border terrorism, ” the announcement said, adding that Vietnam shared India’s concern that terrorism is among the very serious threats to international peace, stability and security.
They underscored that there’s not any justification at all for act of terrorism and recognized that terrorism cannot be and shouldn’t be connected with any religion, nationality, culture or cultural groups, ” it said.
They called upon all countries to embrace a comprehensive strategy in combating terrorism, blocking resources of funding terrorism, dismantling terrorist foundations, secure havens and countering abuse of the world wide web, such as social websites and other communication methods, the announcement said.
Both nations also agreed to collaborate in developing a solid consensus for early adoption of the Comprehensive Convention on International Terrorism (CCIT), it included.
India suggested a draft record in 1996 about the CCIT in the UN but so much, UN member states haven’t forged a consensus on a frequent language.